Everything you Need to Know about Web Application Architecture

Before starting your web app development project journey, it’s really necessary for you to choose the right web application architecture and model of components. What shall help you in successfully building a web app is making these right picks in the first place.

This excerpt would help you walk through the arena of web app architecture, components, types, models, and quick practices for good web architecture. But before all that, let’s begin with what web app architecture is and why it’s important.

Web app architecture is a framework embracing various imperatives to accelerate web development experience. It’s one of the key aspects of our daily internet browsing. The concept of typing a URL and engaging with a website while the browser connects your search to a server is another way to define a web application architecture.

Related Read:- How We Created Scalable And Secure Microservices-Based Architecture For A Finance Application

Here’s why Web Server Architecture is so important.

  • Helps to solve business issues
  • Assists visual appeal
  • Empowers analytics and A/B testing
  • Generates seamless user experience
  • Ensures security
  • Easily logs errors
  • Enables high-end automation

How Web Application Architecture Works

With the best architecture for web applications developing any typical web app comes in two different sub-programs/codes running in parallel. These codes are:

Client-side Code – A code aligned to the browser and responds to a user search.

Server-side Code – A code that responds to the HTTP requests and lies on the server.

If you need to successfully run a web application, your web developers or the team responsible for development should efficiently decide what the code on the server shall do as well as the code aligned to the browser. Languages like Ruby, JavaScript, C#, PHP, Java, etc. are used to write server-side code.

A code that has the ability to respond to HTTP needs is able enough to run on a server. The server-side code stores various kinds of data and is liable to create the page requested by the user and includes information related to user input and user profiles that cannot be seen by the user.

A client-side code is written with the combination of JavaScript, CSS, and HTML which is analyzed by the web browser. It can be seen, revised, and responds to user input. However, it cannot read files off a server directly and connects only via HTTP requests.

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Types & Components of Web Application Architecture

There are three types of web application architecture that have their own set of pros, cons, and purposes. It includes:

Legacy HTML Web App Architecture – It’s driven by the simple logic of receiving the whole HTML on request by a user. Concerning web server architecture, all the elements respond to the web page full-reload. This type of architecture is useful for developing static pages but is not recommended for dynamic web apps.

Widget Web App Architecture – It enables loading data without any kind of page-load request. Here, widgets send AJAX queries and accept a large amount of data in JSON and HTML. This type of web application architecture is suitable for mobile application development.

Single-page Web App Architecture – Here, a user simply needs to request the page. Instead of switching data in JSON, this kind of architecture depends on server requests in HTML or JavaScript.

Web app architecture comprises databases, middleware systems, and application components. They can be categorized as:

UI/UX Components – These components contain layouts, statistical data, activity tracking, notification elements, dashboards, and other elements. UI/UX components are used to curate the visuals of a web page and formulate the basis of user experience.

Structural Components – These components include the database server and web application server. To create them a good knowledge of CSS, HTML, JavaScript, as well as .NET, Java, Ruby, PHP, and Python is required.
You can choose from the below models to build the components:

  • One database, one webserver
  • Two databases, two web servers
  • More than two databases and web servers

Common Technologies to Create Web Application Architecture

Web Application Architecture

Now, as you know what web server architecture is all about, let’s look at the technologies to create web application architecture.

Java Web App Architecture: It is possible to accomplish a great level of versatility with Java-based web app architecture. It can be used to develop simple as well as contemporary pages at ease. For any web architecture, it is essential to establish an application that is reliable and has long-term stability, and this architecture represents it entirely.

Its versatility is backed by an ambit of Java-based tools which can help your business and your Java web app architecture developers to reach the end goals with utmost flexibility.

Cloud-Based Web App Architecture: It’s the trend of shifting operations to the cloud that led to the creation of Cloud-based web application architecture. One of the most significant advantages that this type of architecture offers is data decoupling – a cloud-enabled application runs and is stored on both clouds as well as the local server.

When it comes to security, this web application architecture provides identity management and accessibility to secure app data.

Node.Js Web App Architecture: This technology depends on model-view patterns, including MVP (model-view-presenter), MVC (model-view-controller), and MVVM (model-view-view-model). Such patterns enable the identification of code elements alongside routing and configuring them effectively within stipulated timelines.

This application server architecture uses an object-association diagram for separating the code, rolling out valuable insights from logs, data systematization, breaking down logic into modules, and smooth app functioning.

.NET Web App Architecture: It’s a kind of web app architecture that deals with parallel versioning, microservices, Docker containers, and cross-platform support. Without implementing any detailed database code, it allows you to use stored data with its Data Access Layer. It includes technologies like .NET Core and ASP.NET.

PHP Web App Architecture: It is one of the most renowned languages used for web development. It is easy to use and is significantly functional as compared to others. This type of framework involves assistance from a large community, steadfast teamwork, faster development, clear maintenance, and improved security.

Azure Web App Architecture: Azure web app architecture enables creating a solution that has the ability to act as a mediator between the cloud and traditional tools. With the Azure cloud platform, your business can lure the best web application architecture practices to the table that generate customer experience and satisfaction.

AngularJS Web App Architecture: Angular web app architecture manages to cater to your requirements by being a framework for TypeScript and HTML as well as a platform. It’s a kind of framework that depends on some building chunks known as NgModules. One of its notable benefits is lazy loading. It helps in reducing code size and improving user experience.

Laravel Web App Architecture: It is a PHP-enabled framework backed by a sophisticated and easy-to-read syntax. It offers your developers an impressive experience and implements the MVC architecture. Its array of advantages include authentication, modular packaging, better routing, caching and sessions, etc. which amplify traffic and optimize performance.

Such web architecture also helps in developing several routes with route names read via novel URLs.

Python Web App Architecture: Python helps in creating a highly-reliable web architecture design to support your web product/service. It involves concise and logical codes for server-side scripting. With Python web application architecture, you can expect a faster development process aligned with essential tools.

Python involves shortcodes and is dynamic, which makes it one of the best-suited languages for prototyping.

Best Practices for Good Web Application Architecture

In order to craft a noteworthy web app architecture, you need to follow some practices during its development. It includes:

  • Avoiding recurring crashes
  • Avoiding malicious disruptions by utilizing robust security imperatives
  • Ability to scale up or down effortlessly
  • Recording errors easily
  • Having rapid response time
  • Having automated deployments
  • Be easy-to-use
  • Not keeping any room for failure
  • Solving the queries in a steady and even pattern
  • Following minimalistic designs
  • Leveraging cutting-edge technology and latest standards

Apart from all this, the other things to be taken into consideration for developing web app architecture include app processing power, security, and cloud storage.


Summing Up

As the web evolves so shall the frameworks and related technologies. With each passing day, the modern web app development world is taking over the basic components and traditional legacy structures. Therefore, it’s important to choose the right web application architecture that shall determine the performance of your app even in the coming times. Having such an architecture in place is a way towards highly scalable web apps.

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