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Python v/s Node.js – Which Tool Wins The Battle?

Of late, many developers, programmers, and coders have been engaging in various discussions regarding which programming language is better between Python and Node.js. While many believe that Python is a better choice thanks to its simplistic design and easy troubleshooting, others favor Node.js due to high modularity and efficient processing. As a result, we at MindBowser have created this article to help readers decide which programming tool is better than its counterpart.

Python

Python is a highly object-oriented, interpreted, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. It is extremely effective for use in data structures, augmented with dynamic typing and powerful binding, making it very effective at Rapid Application Development, along with its use as a scripting language to connect already existing components. Python’s transparent, simplistic, and easy to learn syntax accentuates readability and therefore reduces the net cost of program maintenance. Python is compatible with an assortment of modules and packages, which promotes code reuse and program modularity and code reuse.

Node.js

Node.js is a cross-platform, open-source, JavaScript runtime environment that executes JavaScript code outside a web browser. Node.js enables developers to use JavaScript to run command-line tools. It is an effective tool for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to generate dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser. As a result, Node.js illustrates a “JavaScript everywhere” standard, consolidating web-application development around a single programming language, rather than diverse languages for server- and client-side scripts.

Node.js has been used for designing various corporate websites such as GoDaddy, Groupon, IBM, LinkedIn, Microsoft, Netflix, PayPal, Rakuten, SAP, Voxer, Walmart, and Yahoo!.

Comparison between Python and Node.js

Python vs Nodejs

To further shine light upon how distinct Python and Node.js are, here is a table encompassing the basic differences between the two:

Python Node.js
Developers need to write fewer lines of code. Developers have to write considerably extra lines of code.
By default, Python does not support asynchronous programming. However, it does support Co-routines by which asynchronous processing can be achieved. Due to its single-thread asynchronous architecture with I/O operations, Node.js supports asynchronous programming by default.
Python is ideal for large projects as it can be used for anything that can be done using PHP code. Node.js has a distinct lack of clean coding standards. Hence it can't be recommended for larger projects.
Python has a wider range from applications such as web applications, integration with back-end applications, numerical computations, machine learning, and network programming. Node.js is a better choice if the main focus is on web applications and website development.
Python is less efficient for memory-intensive activities. Node.js is a better choice for memory-intensive activities.
The provision of generator support makes Python much simpler. Lack of generator support makes Node.js a bit complicated.
Python is not an ideal platform to deal with real-time web applications due to inefficient real-time data processing. Node.js is the best platform available for real-time web applications.
Python is a bit slower as it is not based on Chrome’s V8 engine. Node.js is significantly faster due to Node.js being based on Chrome’s V8 which is a powerful engine.
Python provides exceptional error handling and debugging facilities. Node.js has a general lack of effective debugging and error handling toolsets.
Python is most prominently used in desktop applications, gaming, machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science, data visualization, etc. Node.js is mostly used as a server-side scripting language.
Python uses PyPy as its Interpreter. Node.js utilizes a JavaScript interpreter.
Python applications are less scalable when compared to Node.js. Node.js supports much greater scalability than Python.
Python has an extensive number of libraries at its disposal. Node.js also has access to fewer libraries when compared to Python.
A simplistic approach to indentation and code design. Complicated code design and indentation.
Does not require any relevant experience to learn, making Python much more accessible. Node.js requires a basic understanding of programming and as such may seem staggering to some developers.

Use Cases of Python

Automation
Python is used for automation. Besides simple scripts, developers can use Python tools such as Salt, Fabric, or Ansible to automate repetitive and simple processes like mass mail send-outs and other tasks.

Backend development
Python is useful for writing APIs and interacting with databases. Python was used for backend integrations and development of such famous sites as Dropbox, Instagram, and Quora.

Data science and machine learning
This is yet another field where Python is becoming more popular fast. Being a flexible and open-source language, Python has extremely powerful libraries for data analysis, manipulation, and visualization.

Use Cases of Node.js

Data Streaming Apps
Node.js is perfect for online streaming platforms, as it does not store temporal data or allow caching since the connection remains open. It also has an interface that allows streams that are readable and writable.

Server-Side Proxy

Node.js can handle the multiple demands associated with server-side proxies. It achieves this by employing a collection of data from third-party servers. A company that uses Node.js is BBC news.

Big Data Analytics
Processing big-data is a staggering task which results in extended wait periods for the users which may seem frustrating. Node.js ensures a flow of data between the browser and the server. It allows the data flow without any interruption by breaking up the data in smaller portions, unlike the others. Sites such as Amazon and Netflix are known to use Node.js for this reason.

Conclusion

Both Python and Node.js have their unique uses. Knowing the difference between various developer tools plays a crucial role in the successful deployment of a project.

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