When someone uses the software, they are not just looking for features, they are looking for an approach. They are looking for a vision. Decide what your vision is and run with it.” By Jason Fried, CEO of Basecamp.
Are you a founder, CTO, CEO, consultant, or any other stakeholder who is responsible for the development of your product and trouble choosing the technology stack for your web application? Should you use Java, Python, or Ruby on the backend? What are the best front-end options: Angular, React, or VueJS? And what are the preferred database options – MySQL, MongoDB, or Postgres? Should you self-host with Nginx or Apache on DigitalOcean, or prefer to use Amazon AWS?
If you have countless questions and uncertainty regarding where to start, then this article can help you take the right decision.
What Is The Technology Stack?
Technology stack is an amalgamation of programming languages, frameworks, tools, and advanced technologies that developers use to build mobile and web applications.
According to layman’s terms, website and mobile app development need a front-end, back-end, and a database. And all these layers form a tech stack.
Structure Of A Technology Stack
Structure-wise it has three components, including:
- Front-End: Here are the following three technologies mostly used for front-end development:
- Hypertext Markup Language [HTML]: defining the proper structure of the information that was presented in the browser.
- Cascading Style Sheets [CSS]: It is used to determine the style of the app content like fonts, colors, and layouts.
- Back-End: Basically, the back-end component powers the front-end allowing website users to perform specific actions. Unlike the front-end, the back-end handles the server-side communication and is not visible to the end-user. And the back-end languages are Java, Python, Ruby, PHP, CoffeeScript, Erlang so on.
- Middleware: It is the layer in a technology stack that consists of content management systems, web servers, and other similar tools that support web application development.
These middlewares are written in C# OR Java languages which simplify data management and communication processes between the front-end and the back-end.